Poison might be identified as whatever substance, which is harmful to the body upon getting in contact, whether it’s external or internal. The internal poisoning may happen through the inhalation of a particular substance that may be in a chemical form, just like powders or sprays, yet a toxic reaction may occur as well by simply breathing in a matter as harmless as dirt. Some other forms of internal poisoning occur when an animal has an allergy or physical reaction to a food or plant, which has been consumed. On the other hand, one kind of poisoning, contact poisoning, takes place when a skin or coat comes in contact with a certain substance that has chemicals, which are toxic to the body. In this article, we will discuss mainly about contact poisoning in cats and more. What really is it, its causes, symptoms, prognosis, and treatments. Read on to know!
Contact Poisoning in Cats: What is this feline condition?
Any expected contact poisoning in cats needs a vet intervention.
Curious cats may like to fodder whatever they get to find, so they are susceptible to poison contacting in their skin or fur. In the event that the poisonous substance gets onto an animal paws or fur, the cat is accountable to ingest the poison via grooming, or the poisonous substance might be absorbed or inhaled through the skin. Furthermore, poisons have a lot of some other sources, and they impair the cat in a lot of ways. Additionally, cats may become so ill or even die from contact poisoning, as well as the toxicity might have lasting side effects.
Causes of Cat Contact Poisoning
When allowed, the cats may explore all the territory within their reach, so the possible causes of the exposure to toxins might be numerous.
Poisonings within the territory include:
- Licking spilled household cleaners from the feet
- Brushing against or chewing ornamental plants like lily or poinsettia
- Contact with citrus oils or potpourri
- Contact with permethrin or some other flea toxins
The causes of contact poisoning outside the house might include:
- Skin getting in contact with spilled swimming pool chemicals and antifreeze chemicals
- Insecticide that are applied where the cat might walk
- Garden products like fertilizer in areas where a cat might dig
- Rodent dusting poisons
Symptoms of Cat Contact Poisoning
A contact poisoning in cats might be unsteady, drooling, and sluggish. Some other symptoms of the condition may include the following:
- Excessive vocalization
- Increased respiratory rate
- Odor on fur or breath
- Irritated eyes
- Unexplained wounds
- Skin rashes
- Bald patches or fur falling out
- Chemical burns
- Irritated or inflamed skin
In the event that these signs or behaviors are observed, immediate vet care is important in saving the life of the cat.
Prognosis of Cat Contact Poisoning
The observation of a cat grooming and taking in a contact poison might be the ideal mehod in finding for an antidote. Cats, as we know, are particularly secretive, so this might be a slim choice. Commonly cats may hide when they are not feeling well, and the absence of the animal from activities commonly pursued might be the first sign of the condition.
The observation of the owner may include the following:
- Unusual material stuck on the feet or fur
- Dark urine
- Unusual material in feces or vomit
- A strange, chemical odor on the breath or fur of the cat
- Spilled household medication or cleaner
- Broken or chewed plants
Don’t make the cat vomit as some poisons might cause organ harm when puked.
Veterinary intrusion may include testing for the identification of toxins, which the vet or cat owner might suspect. A physical exam may be performed and the history of the symptom onset recorded. Additionally, a chemical blood profile may also be indicated, as well as a CBC. A blood test may also be conducted in confirming the calcium levels of the cat.
When possible, a vomit or fecal sample must be obtained and examined for any poisonous substances. In the event that the poisonous substance is established, an antidote to this toxin might be administered. From time to time, there is actually no antidote for the certain toxin identified.
Treatment for Cat Contact Poisoning
Vet treatment may attempt to correct the symptoms using an antidote, when available, and via an IV restoration of bodily fluids, electrolyte balance, as well as calcium levels, if the only option is palliative care. Further, the cat may also be observed for fluid loss via diarrhea or vomiting. A fraction of the saline may be added into water, in order to sustain the fluid retention. The saline will actually encourage the normal renal function, as well as the excretion of the poisonous substance.
Plants like lilies are so toxic to cats, as well as renal failure is common with the lily contact when immediate fluid therapy plus decontamination therapy aren’t enough. Moreover, there are no distinguishable indicative tests. Prognosis made by observation of clinical indications like increased respiratory rate, excessive vocalization, seizures, or anxiety. ed0 Dark L