How do you know when your cat has pyometra? From time to time, the symptoms are very forthright, yet at sometimes, the condition may be a bit difficult to diagnose. Getting to know what the causes, signs, and the possible treatments for pyometra in cats may help in saving your fur baby. In this article, we will put a necessary fact about this. Give this article a read and learn more.
Pyometra in Cats: What is this feline condition?
Pyometra in cats is a feline condition that is defined as an increase of pus within the cat uterus that may develop due to the hormonal, physiological, and anatomical changes, which happen after a cat has undergone a heat cycle yet doesn’t become pregnant. Various bacteria may then take advantage of the situation, thus resulting in in the development of potentially deadly infection.
In case you left it without any treatment, the infection may spread to some other parts of the body, or rupture the cat’s uterus. Both of the types of pyometra may be fatal. Therefore, it is important to bring the cat to the vet as soon as you happen to see the symptoms.
Moreover, pyometra is a bacterial infection, which happens in the cat’s uterus. The infections happen in sexually intact female cats once they’ve been in heat. In case your cat has pyometra, you might notice a change in its urinating and drinking habits, as well as the presence of vaginal discharge.
Types of Pyometra
There are two types of pyometra:
- Open –Pus gutters out of the vagina of the cat.
- Closed –Pus is being helped on the inside of the uterus through a closed cervix.
Causes of Pyometra
Pyometra is a condition that occurs once a period of in heat or estruses did. When the progesterone hormones stay on an elevated level in the body of the cat, pyometra occurs. The uterine lining of the cat will start to prepare for some possible pregnancy by getting thick. In case that there is no pregnancy that happens, the lining is thought to thin out once again, yet some cats may start to experience an abnormality in the cystic growth instead. This is now what creates an ideal environment for the bacteria to grow and foster instead. This is what creates an ideal environment for bacteria to grow. When it does grow, the result will be the development of pyometra-an infection of the cat uterus.
Each sexually intact female cat is at the risk of developing pyometra. However, those that are taking progesterone-based drugs to treat some other conditions are at a much higher risk.
Symptoms of Pyometra
Pyometra in cats sometimes show no signs at all or show just imprecise clinical signs like poor appetite, dehydration, fever, and lethargy, even though they are suffering from advanced disease.
Moreover, bear in mind that pyometra in cats is a very life-threatening and serious condition, which needs immediate medical attention. If you happen to spot any symptoms of pyometra in your cats, take your baby to a vet immediately.
The symptoms of pyometra in cats may include the following:
- Excessive thirst
- Frequent urination
- Weight loss
- High fever
- Vaginal discharge
- Loss of appetite
Prevention and Treatment of Pyometra
The best way to treat pyometra in cats is to spay it as soon as its condition has already been stabilized. Further, the ovaries, cervix, and the entire uterus will be removed as a unit, in order to minimize the chance of the pus leaking into its abdomen.
When the cat that’s spayed still develops pyometra, the uterine stump is being removed, and every enduring ovarian tissue should be identified and expunged. If the cat owner plans to breed its cat in the future, various medical treatments are available, which may be beneficial in eliminating the need for surgery, which unavoidably may lead to infertility.
Spaying a female cat when it is still young and healthy is actually the best way to preventing pyometra. The procedure of spaying is much riskier after the disease has caused damage to the uterine tissues, as well as made the cat’s ability to endure anesthesia and surgery weaker.
Recovery in Pyometra
On condition that the cat was able to receive treatment right before the uterus gets ruptured or an infection spread, it must make a full recovery from the pyometra. Nevertheless, you may need to closely watch it once it is home to make sure it isn’t experiencing the similar symptoms you have noticed first.
However, make sure that you carefully follow the vet’s instructions and administer all of the medications as they are needed. Missing even just a single dose of antibiotic may lead to a major setback in the cat’s overall health.
In case your cat went through a surgical operation, keep it clean so that no bacteria makes its own way in the incision. Furthermore, you’ll need to bring the cat back to the vet for some follow-up and to get the stitches removed. If the cat didn’t have any surgery, it will still need to go back to the vet so it can see when the uterus is healing as it must be.