Nasal Polyps In Cats: What You Need To Look For

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nasal polyps in cats

What are nasal polyps in cats?

While the condition may sound scary and unpleasant, there are treatments available, and most cats recover well.

Feline nasal polyps are benign pink growths that appear from the mucus membranes or the moist tissues that line the nose.

It is believed that various congenital processes contribute to the problem.

Cat Nasal Polyps

Nasal polyps (or nasopharyngeal) are most commonly found in younger cats under two years of age. 

They are often accompanied by difficulty breathing while active or when sleeping.

As the polyps grow in size, the cat can develop similar symptoms to other cat respiratory diseases like Pleural Effusion. False diagnosis can occur, so if you have concerns, double-check with your vet.

Cats can be prescribed antibiotic treatment for a respiratory disease that will not help nasal polyps.

Other cat nose conditions include:

Polyps are noncancerous masses that are unlikely to spread but may impact the cat’s respiratory system.

Vets use two different terms in describing the pink growths in the cats’ noses – nasopharyngeal polyps and nasal polyps. 

Nasal polyps are when they grow in the moist mucus membranes inside the nose.

If the growth spreads from the nasal cavity through the soft palate, back of the throat, or the middle ear, the growth is known as a nasopharyngeal polyp.

Causes Of Feline Nasal Polyps

Veterinarians disagree on what causes the pink growth in the nose of cats. 

Some vets also think that both nasopharyngeal and nasal polyps are congenital, genetic mutation passed from the parent to its offspring.

They base this theory on the link between polyp growth and the common tumor

It’s also a well-known fact that tumors, especially cancerous ones, are frequently found in similar genetic makeup and bloodline.

Other vets think that the nasopharyngeal and nasal polyps are a secondary response to a virus in the respiratory system, which causes inflammation to the cat’s nasal cells.

Common viruses linked with these growths include:

  • herpes virus
  • calicivirus

Many cats have rapid development of nose polyps after having these respiratory illnesses.

Symptoms Of Feline Nasal Polyps

Common symptoms of nasal polyps in cats may include the following:

  • Weight loss
  • Refusal to drink or eat
  • Swallowing difficulties
  • Ear infection
  • The odor from the ear
  • Nystagmus
  • Ear scratching
  • Balance problems
  • Head shaking
  • Head tilt
  • Nasal discharge
  • Noisy breathing
  • Changes in meow
  • Difficulty breathing

In bad cases, nasopharyngeal polyps may cause symptoms linked with Horner’s Syndrome.

Prognosis

The vet may start the diagnostic process with an exam of the cat’s mouth, ears, and nose via the use of an otoscope.

cat nasal polyp

Because the soft palate frequently hides the pink growths, a CT scan or X-ray of the skull may be required.

The cat might be anesthetized for the exam to keep it calm, reduce stress, and allow for a comprehensive look.

The vet will also want to discuss the cat’s medical history, focusing mainly on respiratory infections and formerly acquired viral infections.

Other tests likely to be performed include:

  • A complete blood count
  • Biochemistry profile
  • Organ function tests

Cat Nasal Polyp Treatment

The treatment option for nasal polyps in cats is surgery.

The whole mass can’t always be removed because of the location of the polyps.

This surgical process of de-bulking is one way forward. The vet may remove as much mass as possible in a surgical manner while leaving some.

Vets use this kind of surgery to prevent damage to nerves, openings, and auditory organs in the respiratory structures.

The de-bulking surgery isn’t a treatment for the polyps, and some other surgery is frequently necessary.

Also, the vet might recommend corticosteroids or some other anti-inflammatory medications to slow the possible growth.

Even though the reappearance of nasal polyps in cats is common, most cats do so well after the surgery, and the quality of life they have is good.

1 COMMENT

  1. Hello! We’ve made two surgeries recently. One in the left nasal cave was on October 31, the other in the right cave 2 weeks ago. There were polyps found in both caves. According to biopsy test – it is not cancer. The Cat is 10 years old. She has never suffered from any nasal problems during her life. Few days ago I noticed difficult breathing again via last operated nasal cave. Is it possible that polyps grew up again in the same nose cave in 14 days after surgery? Can it be so rapid? I’m extremely worried, because we are fighting with this problem since July. We spend almost half a year finding a reason for heavy breathing and snoring. Done rhinoscopy, several x-rays, and two nasal trepanations. Can you please advise me anything? Many thanks in advance!!

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