Bones are what provide a rigid framework to the body, which helps in the maintenance of its normal shape, as well as in protecting the vital organs of the body. On the other hand, a joint is a kind of structure where there are two or more bones meet together. Additionally, a capsule is also present in articulating joints that has a thick fibrous layer, which helps in stabilizing the joint. In most of the joints, the ligaments are also present –these ensure the movements of the joints within the normal ranges. Thus, if the joints get damaged, dislocated, or experience any abnormal development, they might become unstable. In this article, we will be discussing about joint dislocation in cats. If you want to learn more about it, give this article a read!
Joint Dislocation in Cats: What is this condition?
The joints are held together with ligaments and tendons. When these get damaged as well, the dislocation may be referred to as luxation. Further, the subluxation refers to the dislocation with no damage to its surrounding parts. The hip dislocation from the hip injury or dysplasia, together with a sliding knee cap are amongst the most common types of dislocations that are seen in cats. Moreover, tail dislocation and elbow luxation are seen on much lesser scale as well. Further, joint dislocations are actually combined with some other serious injuries from trauma. In addition, it is domineering to get the cat an immediate vet care in the situations of trauma, since the injuries may be deadly.
Moreover, a joint, as we know, is the point in which two or more bones get to meet, often allowing body parts movement. Further, the three kinds of joints, cartilaginous, fibrous, and synovial pivot joints, may be pulled apart or be moved out of the alignment, thus causing the dislocation. Additionally, the joints, which allow the movement are at a higher risk than the ones that do not. Additionally, the joints, which allow the movement are being categorized as the saddle and ball, hinge, and socket joints.
Causes of Cat Joint Dislocation
Thus far, the most common cause of the joint dislocation in cats is injury. The small children must be well encouraged to be gentle with the cats, since rough play may often results in the dislocation and some other injuries to cats.
The more common causes of joint dislocation in cats include:
- Congenital disorder
- Having a body part being shut in the door
- Fighting with some other animals
- Limb or tail being pulled by someone
- Being stepped on by a person
- Being hit by an vehicle
- Falling from a high place
Symptoms of Cat Joint Dislocation
Often, the first symptom of trauma on joint dislocation in cats is the disappearance of the cat for a long time. This may even last for a several days. One serious injury commonly makes it much harder for the cat to get back home. You must inspect the cat for possible injuries when it returns from home. Some other symptoms that you need to watch out for are the following:
- No toe sensation
- Deformed joints
- Bent limbs
- Reduction in the muscle around the affected joint
- Abnormal or limited movement
- Holding up the limb while walking
Prognosis of Cat Joint Dislocation
Upon the arrival to the vet clinic or animal hospital, the veterinarian may complete a cautious physical examination, evaluating the injury’s extent. They might also note a crushing of the dislocated joint. Moreover, x-rays may also be needed in ensuring that there are no other life-threatening trauma to the body is present, most especially in the case of a squabble with an automobile.
A biochemical profile, CBC profile, and a urinalysis may also be taken, in order to assess the overall condition of the cat. In the event that surgery may be necessary, x-rays of the chest may be necessary before the anesthetic may be administered in ensuring the cat is able to respond properly.
Treatment for Cat Joint Dislocation
The treatment for joint dislocation varies so well on the location, as well as the austerity of the joint dislocation itself. Further, there are some nonsurgical and surgical options available, mostly contingent on the amount of time that’s passed as the joint was moved out of the place.
In both nonsurgical and surgical treatments of the joint dislocation, painkillers are often recommended in helping the cat get over the first several painful days of the healing. Further, it isn’t recommended for painkillers to be prescribed after surgical procedure to reduce any inflammation. Additionally, antibiotics might also be prescribed for 2-4 weeks after the surgery, in order to stave off the infection.
For austere dislocations, dysplasia, or dislocations where more time has already passed, extensive surgery might be necessary. This often includes the establishment of screws and steel pins, some of these need surgical removal after the process of healing.
In the event of dislocation has happened in three days of the vet visit and the austerity isn’t too extreme, the veterinarian might be able to use physical force, in order to put the joints back into place.