Prostate inflammation in cats or prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate, which is typically the result of a long-lasting infection, which has gone unnoticed. A prostate abscess that’s characterized by a sac filled with pus, might lead to prostate inflammation. The condition is divided in 2 phases –chronic and acute. In this article, we will discuss some more important facts about prostate inflammation in cats including its causes, symptoms, prognosis, and treatments. Read on to learn more about these!
What is Prostate Inflammation in Cats?
Prostate inflammation in cats is more likely to happen in the cats that haven’t been spayed or neutered. Furthermore, castration is an amazing way to prevent illnesses of the prostate from recurring or happening in the first place.
Moreover, prostate inflammation in cats, also called prostatitis, is an unusual condition in male felines, which may happen by itself or as a symptom of another illness. This particular condition may be mild to austere and might cause some breeding issues. Further, prostatitis may lead to the formation of abscesses that is filled with pus in the cat’s prostate gland. In case the treatment is delayed, the abscesses may grow largely and may threaten the overall health of the cat.
The main cause of the prostatitis in cats is the sudden bacterial infection in the prostate gland. Further, prostate inflammation in cats might also be a symptom of another, more austere disease, including benign squamous metaplasia, prostatic neoplasia, and prostatic hyperplasia. These conditions are commonly characterized by the growths commonly originate in some other parts of the body, commonly in the bladder or some other parts of the cat’s urinary tract, as well as spread into the prostate gland.
Because of the nature of this condition, the immunity of the cat affected starts to become weak, making the cat more susceptible to bacterial infections, which may cause prostatitis. The conditions has the tendency to be so rare in cats and are more common in the older dogs. Despite that, you may want to seek an immediate vet attention in getting rid of these as possible causes of prostate inflammation.
In some instances, the cat might not show any symptoms at all. Even though this condition is so rare in cats, you may still want to make sure that you seek an immediate vet attention if you happen to notice any of the symptoms below:
- Difficulty in defecating or urinating
- Blood present in the urine
- Weight loss
- Loss of appetite
- Weakness and lethargy
The veterinarian may first ask about the complete medical history of the cat. Make sure that you inform them about the extent and the duration of the symptoms of the cat together with any medications they might be taking.
In addition, in case the cat has not gone anesthetization yet, the vet might use urinalysis and blood tests in determining whether or not they’re sufficiently healthy to be sedated or anesthetized with the use of some other methods.
Moreover, the vet might then sedate the cat to perform a complete rectal examination. Nonetheless, this is just a tentative diagnostic process, and even more tests is necessary for a more conclusive prognosis. The vet might use ultrasounds, x-rays, prostatic massage, biopsy, urine cultures, as well as fine needle aspiration.
Treatment for Prostate Inflammation in Cats
The treatment for prostate inflammation in cats may depend on the primary cause of the condition.
The prostatitis that is caused by a bacterial infection commonly needs about 6-8 weeks antibiotics course. If the cat experiences a significant trouble in defecating, an enema might be administered. In case the prostatitis is austere, the cat might be kept in a hospital and may be given intravenous medicines, up until the condition has already stabilized.
Furthermore, the abscesses that are filled with pus located in the prostate gland should be drained. This needs fine needle aspiration or surgery. Varying on the size of the abscesses, as well as their overall effect on the health of the cat, hospitalization might be necessary.
Particular causal conditions wherein the prostate inflammation is symptomatic, might just be cured through castration. For instance, benign prostatic hyperplasia may develop due to hormones that are secreted by the cat’s testicles, and should be treated through castration. For the cancerous causes, chemotherapy, radiation treatment, and surgery are commonly the most effective courses of medication or treatment.
Moreover, neutering is almost always suggested as a way of preventing any further prostate illnesses. The vet may discuss this with you in favor of the specific needs of the cat.