Facts You Need To Know About Enlarged Gums In Cats


Gingival hyperplasia or enlarged gums in cats is a medical feline condition, in which the gingival tissue of a cat becomes enlarged and inflamed. The enlargement is commonly due to a dental plaque or some other bacterial growth, which grows along the gum line. This particular condition is fairly rare in cats, as well as in a lot of instances, may be prevenable with a good oral hygiene. If you want to learn more about this feline condition, give this article a read.

Enlarged Gums in Cats: What is this feline condition?

The gingival hyperplasia or enlarged gums in cats is a feline condition wherein the gums starts to become enlarged and inflamed in the mouth. Moreover, this particular condition is rare, yet vets may alleviate and control it with the proper oral care given at home and by a vet. Further, the enlarged gums may increase in austerity if a certain bacteria or infection goes into the bloodstream. Additionally, gums inflammation may be a sign of kidney disease or feline immunodeficiency virus as well.

What are The Causes of the Condition?

The major cause of swollen or enlarged gums in cats is frequently the lack of oral hygiene because of a bacteria, which develops into the mouth. Further, this may be because of a lack of dental cleanings or a poor diet, which cats do every day in removing plaque that may form close to the gumline.  Additionally, health conditions or diseases may be the cause of the enlarged gums, in cats as well. Further, these are often an indication of causal issues. Age, genetics and breed may also upsurge the danger of swollen gums from developing.

What are The Symptoms of the Conditions?

The cats, which suffer from inflammation of gums might be reluctant in grooming itself and might have a reduced appetite as well with the food that they eat every day. Moreover, this may result in the weight loss. Furthermore, they are also prone to tenacious bad breathe, as well as some other symptoms including:

  • Irritability
  • Depression
  • Yellow deposits on the teeth
  • Pus, which has developed all over the teeth
  • Sensitivity all over the mouth
  • Pawing at its face
  • Stomach upset
  • Drooling
  • Growth on the gum line
  • Pockets, which are present on the gums
  • Thick gums

Diagnosis for the Condition

Cats may be diagnosed with the condition with an overall examination, which is given by a vet. Further tests might also be done in helping in the determination of the different causes of the illness.

  • X-rays: X-rays might be done by a vet in discovering if any causal conditions on the gums are existent. 
  • Biopsy: If there is a gingival mass present during the examination, a biopsy may be done in determining if cancer is existent. This may need that the tissue is detached from the gums of the cat –in order for it to be tested.

What is The Possible Treatment for the Condition?

The treatment that’s necessary for the enlarged gums in cats depends mainly on the development of the illness. In addition, most of the cases, a home treatment may be recommended with a dental cleaning, which may need to be done every day. In the advanced instances, it may require scraping, in order to remove the tartar, which has accrued over time. Moreover, the cats that don’t respond so well to the treatments may need to be assessed for causal diseases or conditions, which might be existent that may include kidney disease or diabetes.

  • Tooth Extraction: Some of the teeth may not be saved in the course of treatment, especially for inflammation and should be removed in preventing infections from progressing or developing.
  • Periodontal Debridement: A surgical procedure, which is an alternative to gingival curettage and root planning, in order to eradicate gums irritants that may include bacteria.
  • Subgingival Curettage: This is a procedure done by vets in removing unhealthy connective tissue, which is existent in the mouth, in order to reduce any inflammation.
  • Dental Cleanings: This is a dental cleaning, which may be done by a veterinarian below and above the gum line, in order to remove tartar that’s existent; as well as maintain a healthy gums. This might be supplemented by polishing as well. 
  • Oral Antibiotics: Some oral antibiotics might be prescribed in fighting infection, helping in gum healing, as well as reducing the inflammation that’s present.
  • Surgery: Surgical procedure and a deep cleaning of the gums may be essential for issues, which have developed in restoring the gum line into its original situation. Further, pain medication may be given in order to alleviate discomfort or pain, which is experienced in the course of the procedure. 

Final Say

If the vet as not able to give treatment to cats for gums, it may sooner or later, lead to loss of tooth, receding gums, and gingivitis. Furthermore, follow-up check-ups may also be necessary after the treatments, as well as surgery for the monitoring of the gums’ health for appropriate recovery.


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