A hematoma in cats is referred to as a restricted collection of blood outside the blood vessels. On the other hand, seroma is quite the same, except that the accumulation of fluid contains just the serum, without the red blood cells being existent. Seromas and hematomas may happen anywhere in the cat’s body. In this article, we are specifically going to discuss about ear hematoma in cats. What are its causes, symptoms, prognosis and treatments? Get to know all of these and more, feel free to give this article a read.
Hematoma in Cats: What is this feline condition?
The noticeable outer part of the cat’s ear, which is affected by hematoma actually plays a significant role in the hearing function. It actually collects the sound waves, distillates them, as well as funnels through the middle and the inner ear. While it’s probable that ear hematoma in cats may resolve on its own, the issue causes weighty discomfort and may take at least a several weeks to be healed. In case you notice that the cat displays possible symptoms, a quick visit to the veterinarian is necessary.
Moreover, ear hematoma, or auricular hematoma or aural hematoma, is one of the most common ear problems in felines. It’s a painful condition, which results when a certain blood vessel breaches and fluid and blood fill the part in between the cartilage and skin in the ears. Additionally, a mild to austere ear swelling may occur within minutes of the rupture. In case it’s not promptly treated, the condition may result in an enduring deformity.
Causes of Cat Hematoma
The ear hematoma in cats are nearly always led by some other medical conditions. The most common among the causes are:
- Deep wounds
- Blunt trauma on the skull
- Blood clotting disorders
- Immune system disorders
- Chronic allergies
- Ear mites
- Chronic ear infections
Symptoms of Cat Hematoma
The main symptom of ear hematoma in cats is swelling on the outer area of the ears. This may range from a trivial bulge, up to an extreme swelling, which resembles a balloon. Further, the condition commonly happens on just one ear. Moreover, the cat may likely show signs of pain, exhibit head shaking and scratching, and might tilt their head to only one side.
Prognosis of Cat Hematoma
The ear hematoma in cats is very easy to diagnose, especially with a physical exam. Ascertaining and appropriately curing the primary cause is important in avoiding relapse. The prognosis of a hematoma depends on the position too. Subdermal hematomas may commonly be detected by physical exams together with fluid exam that are withdrawn from the cut. Hematomas in the internal organs or in the brain might need special imaging.
Treatment for Cat Hematoma
It is recommendable that you go and seek a vet attention for ear hematomas as immediate as possible. Further, small hematomas habitually grow in size. The larger the hematoma, the longer for it to heal. Curing the condition rapidly may result in a much better chance of full recovery.
The pain that is due to ear hematoma in cats may likely diminish in a day or two. When left without treatment, the ear will reabsorb the fluid eventually, and the illnesses may resolve itself. Nonetheless, this isn’t recommended. The area affected may keep on being swollen and the scar tissue may develop, thus leaving behind an unappealing condition, which is often referred to as the cauliflower ear.
There are various treatment options readily available. The vet may choose which is the right ones, depending on the hematoma’s size.
The vet might choose this choice, in case the hematoma is just small. A needle will be inserted into the area affected, in order to remove the fluid, as well as a drainage tube that might be inserted. This particular method is lesser effective and may leave a much greater chance, which the hematoma may reoccur. It’s commonly recommended only for cats that cannot tolerate the general anesthesia.
Surgery Without Sutures
This particular method is just the same as the surgery with sutures, but with the exclusion of the sutures. After the fluid in the ear has drained out, it’ll be taped with a rolled bandage and be left to heal. The owners may be needed to be much more watchful with the rehabilitation because of the fact that the wound hasn’t been closed yet. This certain option is generally used on the show cats, since there is a lesser of chance of ear deformity after the treatment.
Surgery with Sutures
This is actually the most common among the treatments for ear hematoma in cats. The cat will be placed under general anesthesia and a small lesion will be made underside the ear. The fluid will then be allowed to drain and sutures will be placed on the area affected. This doesn’t just treat the hematoma, yet also helps in preventing the reoccurrence of the condition.