Squamous cell carcinoma or nose pad cancer in cats is a malignant kind of tumor, which mainly affects the squamous epithelial cells. In this instance, it’s a kind of tumor of the nose pad tissues or nasal planum. This kind of tumor is way more common in cats, rather than in dogs. The exposure to huffed chemicals may increase the risk of nasal tumors, including the indoor use of cigarettes, air fresheners, and coal. In this article, we will discuss some more interesting facts about nose pad cancer in cats including its causes, symptoms, prognosis, and treatment. Read on to learn about these and many more!
What is Nose Pad Cancer in Cats?
Nose pad cancer or squamous cell carcinoma is greatly curable if it’s treated and is diagnosed at an early time. The cat owners must examine their cat’s faces periodically to see if there is any presence of scabs or sores and seek some speedy vet treatment for rare symptoms.
Furthermore, the most typical form of cancer that is found on cat’s nose is the squamous cell carcinoma. This condition manifests as small sores with some scabs, which has the tendency to be irregularly shaped and flat. The lacerations might happen in only one localized area or different areas, and the immediate area might be pink in color and hairless.
Primarily, the marks frequently appear to be so harmless and might vanish for a period. Nonetheless, when left without any treatment, the lesions may come back and may likely ultimately leak and erupt fluid. Tissue and swelling damage, which might impact the area surrounding. Also, it is possible, which the cancer might metastasize to some other parts of the body and may prove to be lethal.
The main causes of nose pad cancer in cats is excessive UV rays exposure. This is what makes hairless and flippantly pigmented cats more vulnerable to the illness. Also, the indoor and outdoor cats, which spend a prodigious deal of the time in areas that are sunlit might also be more possible to develop nose pad cancer in cats. Some other possible causes of this condition include the following:
- Exposure to inhaled irritants
- Certain kinds of virus
- Serious burn
- Physical trauma
The main symptom of the nose pad cancer is the existence of scab-like protrusions. Some other symptoms of the condition may include the following:
- Behavioral changes
- Inflammation and swelling in the area affected
- Discharge from the eyes or nose
- Reverse sneezing
- Breathing via the mouth
The treating vet must start by discussing about the details with regards to the onset and austerity of the symptoms, as well as reviewing the medical records of the cat. Additionally, a standard lab tests may be ordered as well. This includes urinalysis, biochemistry profile, and complete blood count, in order to evaluate the overall health of the cat. In most of the cases, tests results are predictable to be normal. Also, a complete physical examination may be done as the veterinarian tries to rule out some other possible causes like dental disease, viral infection, or bacterial infection.
Moreover, a conclusive prognosis might be made by way of removing the fluid and tissue samples on general anesthesia and sending them to the laboratory for a biopsy. In case a tumor is present, CT scans or MRI might be ordered in evaluating the complexity of the tumor, as well as to discern whether it’s spread or not. This particular information may also assist in the development of a treatment plan.
Treatment for Nose Pad Cancer in Cats
It is more possible that auspicious treatment selections may be available when the illness has been perceived in an early stage. In some cases, the veterinarian may recommend a consultation with a vet oncologist and they will determine the course of action, which may include the several kinds of treatment.
In some instances, patients might benefit from direct injection or chemotherapeutic substances through the area affected. This one is a controversial treatment plan as the effectiveness it has hasn’t been proven in the treatment of nose pad cancer. Chemotherapy medications might be toxic to humans as well, thus it’s significant to follow the instructions with regards to the administration thoroughly and closely.
This particular procedure may destroy the cancer cells by way of freezing them via tremendously low temperatures. The cryotherapy has been popular fir positive outcomes. When the cat is a probable candidate, it’s the treatment method, which a lot of vets prefer.
This is most especially effective if there are many lesions, which haven’t spread through the deeper layers of the skin of the cat. It might also be recommendable when the lesions have progressed already.
The treating vet might suggest surgical removal of the tumor. A healthy tissue border or margin may be removed to make sure that the whole tumor has been removed. Most likely, this is effective in the disease’s earlier stage.