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Nose Pad Cancer In Cats: What Do You Need To Know About It?


Squamous cell carcinoma or nose pad cancer in cats is a malignant kind of tumor, which mainly affects the squamous epithelial cells. In this instance, it’s a kind of tumor of the nose pad tissues or nasal planum. This kind of tumor is way more common in cats, rather than in dogs. The exposure to huffed chemicals may increase the risk of nasal tumors, including the indoor use of cigarettes, air fresheners, and coal. In this article, we will discuss some more interesting facts about nose pad cancer in cats including its causes, symptoms, prognosis, and treatment. Read on to learn about these and many more!

What is Nose Pad Cancer in Cats?

Nose pad cancer or squamous cell carcinoma is greatly curable if it’s treated and is diagnosed at an early time. The cat owners must examine their cat’s faces periodically to see if there is any presence of scabs or sores and seek some speedy vet treatment for rare symptoms.

Furthermore, the most typical form of cancer that is found on cat’s nose is the squamous cell carcinoma. This condition manifests as small sores with some scabs, which has the tendency to be irregularly shaped and flat. The lacerations might happen in only one localized area or different areas, and the immediate area might be pink in color and hairless.

Primarily, the marks frequently appear to be so harmless and might vanish for a period. Nonetheless, when left without any treatment, the lesions may come back and may likely ultimately leak and erupt fluid. Tissue and swelling damage, which might impact the area surrounding. Also, it is possible, which the cancer might metastasize to some other parts of the body and may prove to be lethal.


The main causes of nose pad cancer in cats is excessive UV rays exposure. This is what makes hairless and flippantly pigmented cats more vulnerable to the illness. Also, the indoor and outdoor cats, which spend a prodigious deal of the time in areas that are sunlit might also be more possible to develop nose pad cancer in cats. Some other possible causes of this condition include the following:

  • Exposure to inhaled irritants
  • Certain kinds of virus
  • Serious burn
  • Physical trauma


The main symptom of the nose pad cancer is the existence of scab-like protrusions. Some other symptoms of the condition may include the following:

  • Seizure
  • Behavioral changes
  • Disorientation
  • Inflammation and swelling in the area affected
  • Discharge from the eyes or nose
  • Nosebleeds
  • Reverse sneezing
  • Sneezing
  • Breathing via the mouth



The treating vet must start by discussing about the details with regards to the onset and austerity of the symptoms, as well as reviewing the medical records of the cat. Additionally, a standard lab tests may be ordered as well. This includes urinalysis, biochemistry profile, and complete blood count, in order to evaluate the overall health of the cat. In most of the cases, tests results are predictable to be normal. Also, a complete physical examination may be done as the veterinarian tries to rule out some other possible causes like dental disease, viral infection, or bacterial infection.

Moreover, a conclusive prognosis might be made by way of removing the fluid and tissue samples on general anesthesia and sending them to the laboratory for a biopsy. In case a tumor is present, CT scans or MRI might be ordered in evaluating the complexity of the tumor, as well as to discern whether it’s spread or not. This particular information may also assist in the development of a treatment plan.

Treatment for Nose Pad Cancer in Cats

 It is more possible that auspicious treatment selections may be available when the illness has been perceived in an early stage. In some cases, the veterinarian may recommend a consultation with a vet oncologist and they will determine the course of action, which may include the several kinds of treatment.


In some instances, patients might benefit from direct injection or chemotherapeutic substances through the area affected. This one is a controversial treatment plan as the effectiveness it has hasn’t been proven in the treatment of nose pad cancer. Chemotherapy medications might be toxic to humans as well, thus it’s significant to follow the instructions with regards to the administration thoroughly and closely.


This particular procedure may destroy the cancer cells by way of freezing them via tremendously low temperatures. The cryotherapy has been popular fir positive outcomes. When the cat is a probable candidate, it’s the treatment method, which a lot of vets prefer.

Radiation Therapy

This is most especially effective if there are many lesions, which haven’t spread through the deeper layers of the skin of the cat. It might also be recommendable when the lesions have progressed already.

Surgical Removal

The treating vet might suggest surgical removal of the tumor. A healthy tissue border or margin may be removed to make sure that the whole tumor has been removed. Most likely, this is effective in the disease’s earlier stage.

Esophageal Stricture In Cats: What Do You Need To Know About It?


The tabular organ or esophagus, which may run from the throat through the stomach. One condition, which affects the esophagus of cats is the esophageal stricture. This is the abnormal narrowing of the esophagus’ internal open space. There is no apparent genetic factor that is in connection to this condition. Also, it may happen in cats of any age. In this article, we will discuss some more interesting facts about esophageal stricture in cats including its causes, symptoms, prognosis, and treatment. Read on to learn these and many more!

What is Esophageal Stricture in Cats?

We know that the esophagus sis the narrow tube, which connects the mouth into the stomach. This is the start of the digestive system. In the event that the lining of the esophagus start to become inflamed, the condition known as esophagitis may instigate. Further, this might make drinking and eating so difficult and so painful. When you leave the condition without any treatment, it may lead to a more austere malady, which is the esophageal stricture, which needs internal intervention.

Moreover, esophageal stricture is the narrowing of the opening of the esophagus, which may prevent the esophagus from opening its pathway when drink or food is being passed into it. Further, it is mainly because of gastroesophageal acid reflux –a foreign object, which becomes lodged into the esophagus or the abnormal healing after a surgical operation.

However, it may also be hereditary because of physical irregularity. It may happen as a secondary illness after a latest surgery, which involve anesthesia. Nonetheless, it is commonly highly curable when caught on its early stage. This may affect whatever cat breed there is or even the age. Nevertheless, the malady is relatively rare.


There are actually two major causes of the esophageal stricture:

Gastroesophageal Conditions

The conditions like gastroesophageal acid reflux because of delayed gastric emptying, tumors that involve gastroesophageal system, hiatal hernia, as well as esophagitis may lead to esophageal structure.


The trauma obtained from ingesting objects like bone, button battery, food, hairball, or a toy stuck in the esophagus or swallowing whatever caustic substance there is or particular acidic drugs, may cause the narrowing of the esophagus of the cat.

Other Causes

Some other causes of esophageal stricture in cats include the following:

  • Diverticula or dilated pockets on the esophageal wall,
  • Vascular ring abnormality,
  • Megaesophagus,
  • Radiation injury,
  • Thermal injury obtained from eating overheated food,
  • Calcivirus infection,
  • Congenital irregularities, as well as
  • Mechanical trauma because of the improper placement of the feeding tube or the administration of general anesthesia from preceding esophageal surgery.


The symptoms might not be apparent when the condition is in its mild state. Nevertheless, if the symptoms get worse, you need to watch out for any possible happenings. These are some of the most common symptoms of esophageal stricture:

  • Depression,
  • Labored breathing,
  • Fever,
  • Lethargy,
  • Cold-like symptoms like coughing or runny nose,
  • Drooling,
  • Drastic change in the common appetite,
  • Weight loss,
  •  Retching or gagging,
  • Spontaneous gulping motions with the neck and head,
  • Crying out or pain when swallowing, as well as
  • Regurgitation or vomiting for about 1-4 weeks after the esophageal surgery.


The vet may want to rule out a lot of other possible conditions or diseases, which may cause the symptoms above. For instance, if the cat has just deterred, an irregularity known as vascular ring incongruity might be the issue. To be able to arrive at a precise prognosis, the vet might conduct a barium-contrast x-ray that may use a radiopaque fluid into the esophageal passage, hence that particular liquid passage may appear on the x-ray image, showing irregularities in the passage.

Additionally, an x-ray might also reveal a foreign object that’s caught in the esophagus. Further, a visual diagnostic tool that can be inserted in the esophagus -this is called endoscope. It may also be essential for examining the esophagus visually and in a much closer detail. Moreover, the veterinarian may also look for masses, tumors.

Treatment for Esophageal Stricture in Cats

The cat might be kept in a clinic initially. Once the hydration needs are already addressed and the affected part of the esophagus is already dilated, you can take the cat home already. Furthermore, if the cat has aspiration pneumonia and esophageal inflammation, it might need to stay under medical supervision much longer.

In addition, the intravenous fluids might be necessary as well for correcting the hydration status. The medications might be given through injection via the dilation procedures, in order to facilitate the healing. Further, oxygen might be important as well for patients that has austere aspiration pneumonia.

Furthermore, cats, which have austere inflammation on the esophagus; as well as those that have experience on dilation procedures might not be able to take food via their mouth. Additionally, transitory feeding tube might be put at the dilation procedure as a way of providing recurrent nutritional support. Also, the veterinarian may also advise you the foods that you can safely feed your cat. This is to help it in the recovery process.

What Should You Know About Noisy Breathing In Cats?


Noisy breathing in cats –a feline condition, which occurs during cat’s inhalation. This is a high-pitched, snore kind of sound, which commonly arises from the fluid vibration, or the tissue vibration, which is flabby or relaxed. This commonly arises from the airway blockage in the pharynx. In this article, we will discuss some more amazing and interesting facts about noisy breathing in cats including its causes, symptoms, and treatments. Read on to learn more about these!

What is Noisy Breathing in Cats?

Even though noisy breathing in cats itself isn’t deadly, the causal condition may be. If the airway obstruction is the one to blame, total airway blockage may happen so quickly and even with no notification, resulting to a complete respiratory failure. The narrowing, blockage, and some other issues, which result in the noisy breathing may occur nearly somewhere in the cat’s respiratory system. Further. this includes the larynx, smaller airways in the lungs, bronchi, throat, mouth, or nose. Further, cats which are experiencing noisy breathing must be seen by a vet, in order to diagnose or rule out possibly serious medical illnesses.

The terminology noisy breathing is used in describing any condition where in the breathing is abnormally loud. Moreover, this may include the breathing that can be heard clearly even without using a vet equipment. The noisy breathing in cat may sound somewhat like a wheezing sound, squeaking, or snoring.


There are two major kinds of noisy breathing. The kind is being determined as to where the breathing disruption takes place, and may frequently be identified by the sound the cat is making while it’s breathing. The kinds of noisy breathing include the following:


This is characterized by noisy breathing with low-pitched sound, which happens when inhaling and is commonly due to an issue in the throat or nose


This is characterized by noisy breathing that comes with a high-pitched sound, which often happens when inhaling, and is typically due to an issue or blockage in the windpipe or larynx.


A humongous number of illnesses may instigate noisy breathing in cats. These may range from congenital irregularities to foreign objects, infections, as well as some other disorders and diseases. Moreover, stertor or stridor breathing might help in identifying the kinds of issues, which cause the issue as they may affect different parts of the throat, airways, as well as the nose. However, different underlying causes may result in both kinds of noisy breathing. The common causes of noisy breathing in cats may include the following:

  • Strong emotional responses like fear or anxiety
  • Fever
  • Shock
  • Throat inflammation due to toxins or vomiting
  • Side effects of sedation or anesthesia
  • Acromegaly
  • Trauma damage or injury
  • Laryngeal paralysis
  • Laryngitis
  • Larynx collapse
  • Nose, respiratory, or throat passages lesions
  • Narrowed throat, nose, and nostrils
  • Pneumonia
  • Toxicity or poisoning
  • Brachycephalic airway syndrome
  • Dehydration
  • Cancer
  • Thyroid issues
  • Heart disease
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • Congenital heart failure
  • Blood disorders
  • Lung disease
  • Fluid accumulation in the abdominal cavities or chest
  • Asthma
  • Upper respiratory infections
  • Airway obstruction


The main symptom of noisy breathing in cats is loud breathing. Also, the noise may range from low-pitched snore kind of sound through a higher squeaking or whistling sound. It might come with breathing changes or difficulty in breathing. Further, the noisy breathing might come with different other symptoms, varying on the causal condition of the malady. Related symptoms may be austere and might even be deadly.

The symptoms include:

  • Fever
  • Restlessness
  • Behavioral changes
  • Pale mucus membranes
  • Pain and linked vocalizations
  • Nasal discharge
  • A cough that produces mucus
  • Weakness
  • Exercise intolerance
  • Inability to meow or vocalize
  • Hoarseness
  • Changes in the voice
  • Snoring sounds even when awake
  • Squeaking sounds while breathing
  • Breathing with elbow sticking out or neck extended
  • Sneezing or coughing
  • Flared nostrils
  • Movement of chest and belly while breathing
  • Rapid breathing or panting
  • Open-mouth breathing
  • Wheezing
  • Trouble breathing
  • Loud breathing sounds

Treatment for Noisy Breathing in Cats

The treatment for noisy breathing in cats may focus mainly on treating the causal condition. For instance, if a tumor is the cause of the condition, surgical removal or some other cancer therapies might be used. Below, we listed some of the possible treatments for the feline condition:

  • Surgical Intervention. If there is foreign object, injury, or tumor obstructing the airway and causes the noisy breathing in cats, surgery might be essential.
  • Antibiotics. Respiratory and some other bodily infections are frequently contributing factors in the noisy breathing. This helps in getting rid of the infection, as well as assist the immunity in overcoming illnesses.
  • Steroids. This is used commonly for breathing difficulties like asthma.
  • Antihistamines. This is used in treating allergic reactions and allergies. This assists in breathing, even when allergies aren’t the lone cause. Proper dosage is important in reducing the side effect’s risks.
  • Fluid Therapy. IV fluids might be essential in treating pets with noisy breathing, specifically if muscle dehydration are factors. The administered fluids may assist in thinning out the mucus and make the coughing even more productive.
  • Oxygen Therapy. Giving oxygen may assist in the respiratory function and assist in the maintenance of healthy blood oxygen levels.

What Should You Know About Neck And Back Pain In Cats?


Frequently, it is so hard to discern the precise location of the pain when a certain animal has been injures, since they cannot tell us where they really are hurt. The vet might even have a hard time in determining the location as well. Further, due to the fact that there are so many reasons for neck and back pain in cats, zeroing in unto the causal cause might take quite some time. In this article, we will discuss some more interesting facts about neck and back pain in cats including its causes, symptoms, and treatments. Read on to learn about these and more!

What is Neck and Back Pain in Cats?

If you happen to notice a significant change on the behavior of a cat, which may indicate neck and back pain, then you need to take the cat immediately to a professional. This is to get the precise prognosis and have an effective treatment plan.

Moreover, if it so happen that the cat experiences any kind of discomfort along its spine, it’s feeling either neck or back pain. The neck and back pain in cats may range in intensity and is occasionally not easy to determine from some other kind of pain.

For instance, pain that comes from the abdominal area may sometimes be confused for the pain in the back or vice versa. Due to the fact that animals can’t communicate clearly the discomfort they feel, it might be hard to figure out precisely where the pain comes from and what might be causing it.


There are some diseases, injuries, and some other conditions, which may cause neck and back pain. These causes include the following:

  • Infection or inflammation of meningitis
  • Cancer
  • Dislocations
  • Vertebral disk conditions
  • Organ disorders near the back, causing raised pain
  • Inflammation
  • Infection
  • Trauma, like spinal fractures and bites


Cats may appear superficially uninterested when something’s irritating the, hence, signs of pain aren’t always apparent. Moreover, pain in one area may also be mistaken for pain in some other part of the body. It’s so important to pay a close attention on how the cat behaves to determine if it’s suffering from neck and back pain. Below are some telltale symptoms that you need to watch out for:

  • Bruises all over the spine
  • Reluctance or inability to turn the head
  • Spine deformities
  • Change in gait or posture
  • Weakness in the limbs
  • Fever
  • Lethargy
  • Vocalization
  • Change in appetite
  • Arched back
  • Neck stiffness


In order to diagnose the condition, the vet may perform a complete physical examination and conduct a full medical history of the cat. If the cause of the condition is not obvious, like the case with an apparent injury, then the veterinarian might perform some diagnostic tests. In order to search for the signs of infections and check on the state of the vital organs, a CBC or complete blood count, urine culture, biochemical profile, and a urinalysis may be taken.

Abdominal area x-rays may show if there are abnormalities in the organs, while spinal radiographs may check the spinal canal, disks, and vertebrae. The disks are commonly done when the cat is under heavy sedation and general anesthesia. Some other tests might include MRI, CT scan, or myelography, in order to identify cancer of trauma, as well as EMG to rule out or diagnose muscle disorders. If inflammatory infectious diseases or meningitis are suspected, the vet may suggest a cerebrospinal fluid analysis that needs spinal tap.

Treatments for Neck and Back Pain in Cats

The precise treatment plan in managing and correcting the neck and back pain of the cat may be discerned both after discovering the root cause, as well as determining the austerity of the discomfort. In some instances, neck and back pain may be easy to treat. Nonetheless, other times, treatments might be difficult, and it might take quite a quite a while to see the results.


There are some instances wherein the neck and back pain of the cat may need way more invasive intervention, like surgical procedure. Surgery goes along with the medication since the cat may commonly receive medication to assist in coping up with the pain, as well as to prevent any infection following the process. The operations are suggested if the cat is suffering from so difficult illnesses. The conditions that need surgery are the ones that deal with cancer, infections in disks and vertebrae, spinal injury patients, and in some cases of paralysis.


Both anti-inflammatory and pain medication is commonly given to assist in the treatment and management of pain. If the vet has found out an infection, the cure may include a series of antibiotics. Further, the risk of relapse and side effects, particularly with antibiotics, however, is high. Due to this fact, you need to consult with the veterinarian before administering any medication. If cancer has been perceived, chemo drugs might be administered.

What Should You Know About Nerve Sheath Tumor In Cats?


Nerve sheath tumor in cats –medically called schwannoma are tumors, which instigate within the myelin sheath. We know that the myelin sheath is actually made by the so-called Schwann cell –a specified cell that surrounds the peripheral nerves, giving physical and mechanical support for the nerves and cloistering the nerves, which transmit the electrical signals of the nervous system. Schwannoma is more common to occur in dogs rather than in cats. In this article, we will discuss some more interesting facts about nerve sheath tumor in cats including its causes, symptoms, prognosis, and treatments. Read on to learn about these and more!

What is Nerve Sheath Tumor in Cats?       

Each organs in the body may use a nerve system in sending info through the brain. The nerve sheath tumors in cats may disrupt this particular function, thus causing problems for the cat. These tumors may affect any area inside the body, which has a nerve system. There are also some tumors, which metastasize, yet most of these tumors stay in only one area.

We know that the myelin sheath is actually produced by the Schwann cell –a specialized cell that surrounds the peripheral nerves, giving physical and mechanical support for the nerves and cloistering the nerves, which transmit the electrical signals of the nervous system. In addition, the peripheral nervous system consists of the nerves that are outside the central nervous system.

Moreover, malignant and benign tumors must be treated instantaneously, and it’s specifically important that the malignant lumps should be treated before they even cause death or paralysis. There are so many terms for the sheath tumors, these include hemangiopericytoma, neurofibrosarcoma, and shwannoma. These tumors shouldn’t be taken so frivolously as they may result in pain, paralysis, and difficulty in breathing. Furthermore, the white the lumps commonly appear on cats distressing from nerve sheath tumors.


The cat is at a high risk of developing two different kinds of nerve sheath tumors:

  • Malignant Schwannomas and Neurofibrosarcomas –The tumors are malignant and may grow rapidly, and they commonly metastasize.
  • Schwannomas and Neurofibromas –The tumors are benign and don’t commonly metastasize.


The cause of the nerve sheath in cats is commonly idiopathic. Nonetheless, younger cats and few older cats might develop the tumors because of feline sarcoma retrovirus. The older cats don’t commonly develop the tumors from the retrovirus as they’ve already build the immunity to it, hence the cause of the nerve sheath tumors in the older cats is idiopathic.


The clinical signs may vary on the location and the type of the nerve sheath tumor. You might possibly notice the white lumps on the skin in the area affected. Below are the symptoms of nerve sheath tumors in cats:

  • Horner’s syndrome
  • Droopy or abnormal eyelids
  • Smaller pupils
  • Facial paralysis on one side
  • Paralysis
  • Low blood sugar
  • Difficulty in urinating
  • Abdominal swelling
  • Weight loss
  • Muscle loss
  • Weakness of the limbs
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Pain


The vet may perform a physical examination in order to check for the overall health of the cat. This might include a blood work, urinalysis, and an electrolyte panel. The vet might carefully inspect the area for possible appearance of white lumps. Expect the vet to ask some questions regarding the symptoms and the medical history of the cat. If the cat has suffered from feline sarcoma retrovirus, this might give the vet an idea of how the nerve sheath tumors has developed.

Additionally, the cat may also need to undergo some more tests in confirming and elauating the nerve sheath tumors. The vet may order an ultrasound, as well as x-rays, in order to reveal any abnormal lumps, and an electromyogram might reveal the abnormal activity of the muscles. It’s also likely that the vet may order a CT or MRI to check the extent and the location of the tumor.

In addition, a histopathology is so important as well. Here, the vet will obtain a sample of the tumor. This sample is then submitted to a vet pathologist for some examination. The vet will then receive info with regards to the tumor itself. This includes the behavior, prognosis, as well as the name.

Treatment for Nerve Sheath Tumor in Cats

The vet may discuss some treatment options based on the type, extent, as well as the location of the nerve sheath tumors.

  • Radiotherapy

This is commonly suggested if the vet might not get rid of the limb or tumors. This is also an option if there are whatever tumors left in arrears after a surgery. This is used in stopping the growth, eliminating, or shrinking the tumors. This is commonly the last resort when surgery isn’t an option or not entirely successful.

  • Surgical Removal of the Limb

Unluckily, there are so many cases, which involve the surgical limb removal. Amputation of the limb is only significant when the real tumors can’t be removed.

  • Surgical Removal of the Tumors

The most typical treatment for nerve sheath tumor in cats is removing the tumors in the areas affected. There is a change that these may reoccur after surgery, hence the vet may suggest this option if tumors and benign.

What Should You Know About Neuromuscular Diseases In Cats?


Neuromuscular diseases in cats –a feline condition that may be classified in accordance to the location since the ones involving the peripheral nerves and / or nerve roots, those that involve the neuromuscular junction, as well as the ones that may involve muscle. Each of the neuromuscular diseases may produce clinical symptoms of the lower motor neuron dysfunction, hence noteworthy variation in clinical indications may happen. These conditions may result in the varying paresis degrees, hypotonia, hyporeflexia, and muscle atrophy. Some prime muscle disorders might be characterized by the muscle hypertrophy instead of atrophy. In this article, we will discuss some more interesting facts about neuromuscular diseases in cats including causes, symptoms, as well as treatments. Read on to learn about these and more!

What is Neuromuscular Diseases in Cats?

Many conditions may affect the multifaceted nerve network, which direct the muscles of the cat. Cats who have these nerve-muscle conditions might exhibit some strange behavior like spontaneous contractions and spastic movements. Further, consult the vet if you think that your cat has a condition, which affect the muscles and nerves, as timely intervention is significant for the management or treatment of the neuromuscular diseases in cats.

Moreover, the two major components of the nervous system of a cat are the peripheral nerves and the brain. Also, the peripheral nerves direct signals from the brain through the extremities and organs,. This is to regulate all the processes, which keep her alive. There are some peripheral nerves control the involuntary process like digestion, heart rate, as well as breathing. Some others send signals, like those that are used for playing or walking with a toy.


The most common kinds of neuromuscular diseases in cats are as follows:

  • Muscular dystrophy –This affects male cats and shows with excessive saliva production, difficulty in exercising, vomiting, stiff neck, and hopping while running.
  • Myasthenia gravis –This leads to stiff muscles, labored breathing, as well as tremors from a paralysis in the larynx. Further, the myasthenia gravis is a hereditary neuromuscular condition.
  • Drug-induced neuropathies –This may affect the cats who’ve been exposed to toxic chemical, like chemotherapy and fertilizers. These may damages the nerves.
  • Diabetic polyneuropathy –This affects the cats with diabetes that has blood sugars that are controlled poorly. The cats experience atrophy and paralysis, which may progress over time.
  • Tetanus –Rare in cats, which may cause stiff paralysis in the extremity upon the infection.
  • Motor neuron disease –This involves the death of the nerve cells, which control the skeletal muscles.


There are a number of causes of the neuromuscular diseases in cats. Some illnesses are hereditary or congenital, while the others are attained after infection or trauma with a parasite, virus, or bacteria. Once the vet diagnoses a cat, they can explain the possible causes of that certain neuromuscular condition in more facet.


There are so many neuromuscular disorders, which affect cats, yet most manifest the same symptoms. Also, schedule an appointment with the vet immediately if the cat shows one of the symptoms listed below:

  • Crouched stance,
  • Weakness after physical examination,
  • Loss of body movements control,
  • Loss of muscle tone,
  • Inept movements,
  • Absence of reflexes,
  • Paralysis,
  • Muscle weakness, as well as
  • Seizures.


The vet may start the indicative process with a complete physical exam of the cat, including the comprehensive history collection. Further, if a vet suspects the cat is suffering from this condition, the physical exam may include an evaluation of cat’s gait for walking, tripping, stumbling, limping, or weakness. A redressing exam, whereby a cat’s placed on the back and detected since it may recover its own standing place, is frequently done, in order to test synchronization. Additionally, the wheelbarrow test may also offer insights through the functioning of the front legs of the cat.

The vet may also palpate the front legs and neck to search for the pain areas or muscle tone loss. The hind and trunk quarters might be evaluated for the abnormal muscle tone or posture. The vet might also inquire through the current situations or dietary habits of the cat.

Several lab tests are necessary for the prognosis of the neuromuscular disorders in cats. The blood tests might be necessary in riling out the exposure to neurotoxic substance. The myasthenia infections and gravis may also be perceived with the use of blood tests.

Treatments for Neuromuscular Diseases in Cats

The treatment for neuromuscular diseases in cats may vary as significantly as the causes. Infections may be treated with antifungal, antiviral antiparasitic, or antibiotic drugs. Surgery might be suitable in repairing a nerve-muscle junction, which has undergone a trauma.

For the conditions, which can’t be treated, anti-inflammatory, anticonvulsant, or steroid medication may be used in managing the symptoms. Only the vet is qualified in prescribing the medications for the cat or after the treatment plan. Regardless of the specifics of the cats in tracking rehabilitation and recovery or suggest behavioral or environmental changes in better managing the condition of the cat.

Muscle Tear In Cats: What Should You Know About It?


Normal activity may cause some kind of disruption in a muscle. A normal muscle may be injured, pinched, or stretched directly, which results to the fiber weakening, disruption, and delayed or immediate separation of unharmed portions.  On the other hand, the muscle structure might be conceded by iatrogenic or systemic conditions. Further, the rupture might be incomplete or complete and might be in the mid of the muscle at the muscle tendon seam. In this article, we will discuss some more interesting facts about muscle tear in cats including causes, symptoms, prognosis, and treatments. Read on to learn about these and more!

What is Muscle Tear in Cats?

If a cat is moving slowly, limping, calling out in pain, having a hard time getting up or down, it might have injured its own soft muscular tissue. You need to make an appointment with the vet as quickly as possible. In austere cases, visit an emergency vet clinic, as the cat might in in weighty amount of pain and the vet might attempt in ruling out more somber injuries like wounds or broken bones, which may become infected.

Additionally, a muscle tear in cats, frequently known as strained muscle, may take place in a cat when the feline moves so quickly, in a very obdurate way, or efforts to make a movement, which is very strenuous for the strength of that certain animal. If this happens, the muscle might sustain a multiple small tears or small tear in muscle fibers. This kind of injury might range from faintly uncomfortable for the cat to tremendously debilitating and painful contingent on the austerity of the damage, as well as the length of time in the midst of the injury and if you seek treatment for the cat at a vet clinic or hospital.


Cats has the tendency to be so athletic animals that may cause injuries to be so common in felines. There are different ways that these injuries happen in cats, just like there are in some other animals, as well as in humans. Additionally, the muscles might weaken as the cat ages, making the cat more vulnerable to soft tissue damages.

The actions below, when they slightly go wrong, may cause the onset of a muscle tear.

  • Dull injury like being bumped, pushed, kicked, or hit
  • Fleeting from another loud noise or animal
  • Fighting with some other animals or cats
  • Landing after a jump, specifically from a substantial heights
  • Rough or energetic play


The symptoms of muscle tear in cats are of the same symptoms in any other animal that has muscle injury, including us, humans. Due to the fact that cats can’t communicate the pain to you in the similar way you might communicate it to the doctors, you might need to be so intentional on noticing, as well as on acting on whatever changes you see in the behavior of the cat, which may serve as an indication that the cat has harmed itself.

The symptoms below frequently escort a muscle tear in cats:

  • Painful vocalization at the same time of the injury or when the cat tries to move
  • Swelling
  • Muscle spasms
  • Inability to jump or run
  • Difficulty in getting up and lying down
  • Refusal to putting any weight on one or more of its limbs
  • Difficulty in positioning for grooming –this might cause fur matting
  • Unwillingness to be picked up or petted
  • Abnormal hiding or withdrawing
  • Restlessness or difficulty in getting comfortable
  • Limping


As is common throughout any visit to the vet, the veterinarian may likely to start the visit by way of asking you to tell the symptoms you’ve observed and through a complete physical examination of the cat. To be able to make a proper prognosis or diagnosis, the veterinarian might also do the following:

Muscle Tear in cats
  • Discern the movements of the cat
  • Search for any wound or the legs or paws of the cat
  • Use the hands of the cat to put a light pressure on its muscle, in order to find where the feline is hurt
  • Feel for any arthritic swelling on the joints
  • Prescribe 7 days of rest, in order to see if an injury heals itself, if not, this assists the veterinarian in diagnosing the injury, as perchance, something more severe
  • Suggest x-rays, in order to rile out any broken bones, muscle tremors, arthritis, joint dislocation, and torn ligaments
  • Suggest a wide-ranging orthopedic examination that’ll be conducted while the cat is under general anesthesia.

Treatment for Muscle Tear in Cats

The muscle tear in cats are so common kind of injuries. The treatment for muscle tears are commonly so simple and mirror treatments for us humans with the similar injury, even though with medications intended particularly for cats. These treatments include:

  • Pain medication
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or NSAIDs via injection or pill
  • Rest

If there is no recurrence of the injury, most of the muscle tears may heal in just a week or two, especially with the aforementioned treatments for the condition.

Myelin Deficiency In Cats: What Should You Know About It?


A fatty substance, which covers the axons, myelin actually serves a significant function for the nerve cells –being an insulator, protecting the nerve from any outside influences, and being a support for sending the process nervous system actions’ cellular transmission. Hence, hypomyelination or an inadequate myelin production in the body, may be distressing for central nervous system. It may even cause some tremors that are most ostensible when the cat’s active. In this article, we will discuss some more interesting myelin deficiency in cats including its causes, symptoms, prognosis, and treatments. Read on to learn more about these!

What is Myelin Deficiency in Cats?

Most of the myelin deficiency are congenital and start manifesting the symptoms in cats lesser than one year old and frequently soon after birth. The conditions may affect the central nervous system and/or the (PNS) peripheral nervous system. In case you have a young cat that’s deferred reflexes, possesses tremors in the trunk, head, and/or limbs, of if the cat’s not able to move or stand, take the cat to the vet immediately. On the other hand, if you have an adult feline, which either suddenly or gradually develops the symptoms, the cat need to see a vet immediately as the myelin of the animal might be deteriorating as a result of acquired condition.

Moreover, myelin is the sheath or lipid membrane, which protects and covers the axons that are the slender projections, which allow neurons, in order to converse with some other cells within the peripheral and central nervous systems.

In addition, the myelin membrane that shelters the axon like an outlet, permitting an electrical information to flow quickly and safely from the neuron to some other cells. If the myelin incorrectly develops, doesn’t develop, or becomes scarce over time, austere neurological dysfunction may result. This kind of dysfunction may cause an animal in having delayed reflexes, possibly seizures, incapacity to move or stand, and tremor.


Even though there are so many different conditions, which may cause myelin insufficiency in cats, utmost are actually hereditary while there might be rare instances of attained myelin deterioration.

Congenital Myelin Disorders

Congenital myelin disorders include dysmyelination and hypomyelination. The conditions might be X linked hereditary that means the mutation is being inherited from the X chromosome of one parent. Since the male kitten just needs to inherit only one transmuted X chromosome, in order to accede to the condition, while the female kitten might need to receive 2 transfigured X chromosomes, to be able to accede to the ailment, congenital myelin conditions are way more common male cats, rather than in female.

Acquired Myelin Disorders

The acquired demyelination, commonly known as medyelination, is greatly rare and vets aren’t sure of its cause. Tainted food and viruses have been suggested as probable causes. In scientific studies on cats, stamp out food has instigated austere and sudden demyelination that later mended itself when the cat reverted to a more normal diet.


If a cat has any of the following symptoms, the cat might suffer from a hereditary from of myelin deficiency. When an adult cat experiences these symptoms, the cat might have developed a greatly unusual form of assimilated myelin deterioration. Either a form of myelin deficiency must be considered a serious and might cause the following signs and symptoms:

  • Seizures,
  • An incapacity to move or stand,
  • A tremor in the head, trunk, and / or limbs, as well as
  • Delayed movement and reduced reflexes.


The vet may perform a complete physical examination on the cat, taking into consideration the background history of the symptoms and the genetic background. Standard tests include a blood profile, including a complete blood count, chemical blood profile, as well as a urinalysis.

Moreover, if a myelin disorder in cats is suspected, the vet may start by doing a complete physical examination and blood examinations, and ask you to describe symptoms you’ve observed in the cat. A prognosis is commonly based on at least 4 different factors.

  • First factor is the cat’s age at the symptom’s onset.
  • Second factor is the symptoms of the condition itself.
  • Third factor is whether the cat is a male or not.
  • Fourth factor is the elimination of some other possible causes.

Treatments for Myelin Deficiency in Cats

There are presently no effective cures for myelin conditions. The lone way in avoiding hereditary myelin illnesses is avoid breeding the cats, which are carriers. Though assimilated myelin deficiencies are greatly unusual and not very well understood, ensuring that the cat is present on all the vaccinations and eats healthy diet is vital for the general health of the cat.

In addition, some young cats may start to produce and repair myelin on their own over the first years of life, while some other don’t and suffer the symptoms of the condition for the entireness of the lives. The vet may advise you on how you can care for the affected cat and may likely wish to examine the cat regularly. In austere cases, which don’t resolve certainly over a period, euthanasia might be the most gentle option.

Narcolepsy And Cataplexy In Cats: What Should You Know About It?


Narcolepsy and cataplexy in cats –these are disorders, which affect the way an animal is capable to operate physically, are unusual yet well-studied nervous system disorders. The narcolepsy is characterized by lack of energy, short loss of consciousness, and excessive day sleepiness. On the other hand, cataplexy is the same as the narcolepsy, wherein the episodes are brief, reversible, and spontaneous. In this article, we will discuss some more interesting facts about narcolepsy and cataplexy in cats including its causes, symptoms, prognosis, and treatments. Read on to learn more about these!

What is Narcolepsy and Cataplexy in Cats?

Narcolepsy and cataplexy are unusual to happen in cats yet there are cases of them reported as well. A cat that has narcolepsy might suddenly fall into a deep sleep while it is standing, eating, or sitting, causing the cat to fall over or sway. Additionally, cat that’s narcoleptic may also fall asleep while it is climbing. This may case the cat to fall into the ground.

A cat that experiences a cataplectic episode, on the other hand, may excitedly run around and suddenly collapses, not able to move yet may still look around, perchance whining or meowing, fully conscious. The conditions aren’t commonly life-threatening or awfully worrisome, and may be cured with medication when diagnosed by the vet.

Moreover, a narcolepsy is a chronic brain condition, which is present in different kinds of animals, even humans. this may result from the inability of the brain to normally, as well as sufficiently control the wake-sleep cycle of the brain. This may cause the narcoleptic to experience morning tiredness and some episodes of abruptly falling in a deep sleep, frequently at an inopportune times.

The cataplexy is the same brain disorder, which may cause a loss of control in the muscle and commonly results in collapsing. This is way different than narcolepsy, nonetheless, since during a cataplectic incidence, the feline stays fully conscious, yet is not able to move. The episodes frequently occur immediately or during moments of prodigious excitement.


The causes of narcolepsy and cataplexy aren’t known definitively. Also, the conditions unusually seem to run hereditarily; most of the cases seem to be relatively sporadic, happening with no known history of the brain condition. In humans, different studies have found a link in between the low levels of hypocretin neurotransmitter and narcolepsy. The said neurotransmitter is what promotes the wakefulness of the cat.

Moreover, in humans, cataplexy may seem to be due to a low number of brain cells, which produce hypocretin. The researchers think that the low level of cells is possibly due to an immune deficiency. Very much rare, the narcolepsy and cataplexy in cats may be due to a traumatic injury in the brain. These are so rare in cats, where the vet research community hasn’t devoted so many resources in studying the illness in cats or compare it to other animal’s condition. Most of the knowledge with regards to these conditions come from the studies that are done in human and in large animals.


The narcolepsy may be much more difficult to diagnose in cats, rather than in some other animals because of the natural tendency of the cat to sleep from 13 to 18 hours every 24 hours, taking perchance more naps all over the day. Furhter, this may frequently take the pet owner to observe repeatedly the symptoms below that the cat has to cause enough concern in making an appointment to the vet.

  • Inability to move immediately or during times of excitement
  • Collapsing so suddenly due to excitement
  • Falling into a deep sleep while it is standing, eating, walking, or sitting
  • Extreme tiredness that may be hard to notice in cats.


In the event that the pet owner saw the symptoms above, causing a concern to warrant a vet appointment, the vet may likely to do these following things to help the owner in making an accurate prognosis:

  • Perform an MRI and some other scans on the brain to rule out neurological injuries or disorders or even tumors
  • Ask that you keep a journal of the time you observe the episodes happening to identify the possible triggers
  • Ask that you make a video recordings of the episodes
  • Excite the cat to attempt in causing a cataplectic episode, which you may observe
  • Observe the behavior of the cat for a longer period of time
  • Listen to the descriptions of the observed symptoms
  • Thorough physical exam of the cat

Treatments for Narcolepsy and Cataplexy in Cats

Even though narcolepsy and cataplexy might be somewhat troubling to you and your cat, they aren’t, of and in themselves, painful or life-threatening conditions for a cat. In addition, contingent on the austerity of the condition of the cat and the treatment level you’re willing to take on, the vet might simply suggest that you keep on observing the cat, in order to observe whether or not, the symptoms are starting to become more austere or frequent. They might also suggest this observation while prescribing an antidepressant medications, which may affect the brain chemistry of the cat, in order to lessen both the austerity and frequency of the attacks.

Myeloproliferative Disorders In Cats: What Should You Know About It?


Myeloproliferative disorders in cats are a certain kind of disorders, which involve excess production of cell originating from the bone marrow. Even though they aren’t linked with the neoplastic tissues, like some other cancers, myeloproliferative disorders are categorized in blood cancers. In this article, we will discuss some more interesting facts about myeloproliferative disorders in cats including its causes, symptoms, prognosis, and treatments, among others. Read on to learn about these and many more!

What are Myeloproliferative Disorders in Cats?

As we said earlier, myeloproliferative disorders are a specific kind of disorders, which involve the excess production of cell originating from the bone marrow. Despite the fact that they aren’t linked with the neoplastic tissues, like some other types of cancers, myeloproliferative disorders in cats are categorized in blood cancers.

The most common cause of cancer in cats is feline leukemia. Moreover, it is an illness, which is prevalent in cats, yet can’t be transmitted to dongs, and some other pet species, or even to us humans. the cat is at high risk if they spend most of their time outside the house or with infected felines.

Moreover, the myeloproliferative disorders start in the cat’s bone marrow and are categorized as a blood cancer. Additionally, these disorders cause an overgrowth of cells all over the body of the cat and are most typically in connection with the FeLV or feline leukemia virus.


Though the major cause of myeloproliferative disorders is feline leukemia, it may also affect cats, which are recovering from panleukopenia or haemobartonellosis. Kittens that are born to mothers, which are infected with FeLV are at a higher risk of developing the conditions. Just as the FeLV, both the panleukopenia and haembartonellsis are also contracted in between cats. The panleukopenia is actually the most contagious amongst all of them.

Feline Leukemia

Feline leukemia is not curable. It’s a viral infection, which causes immunodeficiency issues. There are some effective drugs, which help cats with FeLV to live longer lives. The symptoms of Feline Leukemia include:

  • Change in the condition of coat and skin,
  • Lethargy.
  • Weakness.
  • Fever.
  • Infections of the respiratory system and bladder,
  • Change in appetite and weight loss,
  • Pale gums,
  • Swollen lymph nodes, as well as
  • Jaundice.


This infection is a parasitic infection, which is typically contracted by felines that may have experienced pneumonia or infection. Its symptoms include:

  • Fever,
  • Jaundice,
  • Lethargy,
  • Anemia,
  • Loss of appetite, as well as
  • Depression.


This is most typically denoted as feline distemper. This condition is the same to the canine parvovirus structure, yet isn’t transmittable between cats and dogs. Its symptoms include:

  • Dehydration,
  • Diarrhea,
  • Vomiting,
  • Depression,
  • Lack of appetite, as well as
  • Chills and fevers.

There are some cats may die from this condition with no symptoms at all. Though this condition is most typical in kittens, it may be contracted by any age of cats.


If the cat is affected by myeloproliferative disorders, it may show the following symptoms:

  • Enlargement of spleen and liver,
  • Pale coloration of mucus membranes,
  • Weight loss,
  • Lethargy, as well as
  • Weakness.


If the cat is showing some symptoms of myeloproliferative disorders and has been previously diagnosed with FeLV, or amongst the other mentioned conditions, you need to take them in for some testing. Further, the vet might not just look at the cat’s health history, yet they’ll do urine and blood tests, as well as a biochemistry profile. Some other abnormalities might include megaloblastic red blood cells or leukopenia or leukocytosis.

Moreover, x-rays are taken in looking for the enlargement in the liver and spleen. They’ll look for red blood cells and anemia, which are oddly large. Haemobartonellosis infections are also found via a blood smear test. On the other hand, panleukopenia is most frequently found via fecal testing.

Treatments for Myeloproliferative in Cats

Because this condition may cause dehydration, in austere cases, the cat might need to be given fluids and hospitalized. There isn’t certain treatment for myeloproliferative disorders in cats, yet antibiotics might be used in preventing or treating secondary infections.

In addition, there’s a poor diagnosis with this condition. A visit to the oncologist might result in chemotherapy, which might help in extending the life of cat. Moreover, if the cat has haembartonellosis, it might need a blood transfusion and some other treatments for myeloproliferative disorders. If the cat has panleukopenia, it goes away from the other cats to avoid contact and will have medications like antibiotics.

A cat that has a myeloproliferative disorder may need bone marrow tests and regular blood tests. This will last for the period of its life in monitoring the condition. It might also need an ongoing medication and blood transfusions. Preventing conditions, which may lead to myeloproliferative disorders in cats might be key in the maintenance of the health of the cat. Feline leukemia, as well as panleukopenia might be preventable with the help of vaccines available from the veterinarian.

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