Acute Vomiting In Cats: Facts You Need To Know About It


Cats may commonly vomit once in a while, every so often due to the fact that they may have eaten something, which upset the stomachs, or just because they have sensitive digestive systems. Nevertheless, the condition starts to become acute when the vomiting doesn’t stop and when there’s nothing left in the stomach of the cat to throw up except the bile. It is so important that you take the pet to the vet in these kinds of cases. Give this article a read to learn more about acute vomiting in cats and more.

Though vomiting might have a simple, forthright cause, it might be a meter of something way more serious. Moreover, it’s also problematic as it may have a wide array of causes, as well as determining the right one might be complex.

Acute Vomiting in Cats: What is this feline condition?

The acute vomiting is the sudden inception of vomiting. This might happen just once or keep on going until the matters in the stomach are entirely emptied. Furthermore, acute vomiting is in disparity to the chronic vomiting that may spasmodically keep on going for weeks, or even months.

There are several possible causes of the acute vomiting in the cats, some benign, others life threatening. It is all up to us, as their owners to assess the situation and when at all in in any doubt, pay a visit to the vet.

Causes of Acute Vomiting

Here are some of the possible causes of acute vomiting in cats:

  • Metabolic conditions like kidney disease
  • Obstruction in the esophagus
  • Intestinal parasites
  • Dislocation of the stomach
  • Adrenal gland disease
  • Food intolerance
  • Allergic reaction to specific food.
  • Gobbling food or eating too quickly
  • Dietary indiscretion
  • Dietary changes
  • Gastroenteritis
  • Liver disease
  • Heat stroke
  • Tumors

Symptoms of Acute Vomiting

Here are some of the most common symptoms of acute vomiting:

  • Evidence of dark blood in the stool or vomit
  • Bright-colored blood in the vomit or stool
  • Distress and pain
  • Non-stop vomiting
  • Weakness

Diagnosis of Acute Vomiting

You can bring a sample of the vomit of your cat to the vet. The vet will take the temperature of your cat and check its abdomen. In case that it turns out to be no more than an incident of passing, the vet might ask you to limit the diet of the cat to clear the fluids, as well as to collect the sample stools over that particular period, since the underlying cause might be passing together in the stool. From time to time, the body of the cat might use vomiting in order to clear the intestines of any toxins.

 In case the vomit as excessive amounts of mucus, an irritated intestine might be the reason for it. Furthermore, the indigested food in the vomit itself may be because of the food poisoning, simply overeating, or an anxiety. On the other hand, the bile indicates an inflammatory disease or even pancreatitis.

In case bright red blood is seen in the vomit, the stomach might be ulcerated. Nonetheless, if the blood is brown and appears like coffee grounds, the issue might be in the intestine. Meanwhile, the strong digestive odors are commonly observed if there is an intestinal impediment.

In case the obstruction is assumed in the esophagus of the cat, the vet may conduct an oral examination. The enlarged tonsils are a good sign of this kind of obstruction.

When to See a Vet?

It is normal for cats to have occasional vomiting. This comes out of the blue. If it is just once, and the cat appears to be well, wait and see is necessary. The cats that are recurrently vomiting are at risk of not just the cause of the vomit, yet dehydration as well. Kittens, most especially are susceptible.

You need to take your cat to the vet as soon as you see the following cases:

  • Dehydration
  • Hunched over
  • Painful or swollen abdomen
  • Fever
  • Pain
  • No appetite
  • Blood in the vomit
  • If you happen to suspect that it has ingested something poisonous or medication he must not have had
  • No defecation
  • Black tarry stools
  • Diarrhea
  • The cat is under 6 mos. old
  • Vomiting that lasts for several hours

Treatments for Acute Vomiting

The treatment for the acute vomiting in cats is mainly dependent on the main cause of the vomiting, some of the vet’s possible recommendations include the following:

  • Special treatment medications for chemotherapy-induced vomiting
  • Surgical operations, in the case of vomiting due to foreign body or caused by a tumor.
  • Corticosteroids to cure inflammatory bowel disease
  • Medications to help control the vomiting
  • Dietary changes

Management and Living

You should always follow the suggested treatment plan from your vet. You should not experiment with food and medications. Furthermore, you should also pay a close attention to the cat and if it doesn’t improve go back to your vet for a follow-up checkup.


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